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Companion Animal Practice
Diagnosis and management of peritonitis in small animals
  1. Jonathan Bray

    Jonathan Bray graduated from Massey University, New Zealand, in 1988. He spent one year in general practice before returning to Massey for an internship in small animal surgery. He was awarded a masters in veterinary science in 1993 and the same year gained membership to the Surgery Chapter of the Australian College of Scientists. He is currently resident in soft tissue surgery at Cambridge University. He holds the RCVS certificate in small animal surgery. His interests include all aspects of soft tissue surgery, particularly intensive care, respiratory and urinary conditions.

Abstract

PERITONITIS is an inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity. It may occur as a complication of abdominal surgery, a consequence of blunt abdominal trauma or following disease of abdominal organs. In spite of an improved understanding of the condition, the mortality rate remains high. Early diagnosis and appropriate intervention are, therefore, vital to the success of therapy. This article is directed at improving the understanding of the pathophysiology of peritonitis, and outlines the current recommendations which contribute to its successful management.

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