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Equine Pratice
Evaluation of cardiac murmurs in horses 2. Echocardiography
  1. Karen Blissitt

    Karen Blissitt (née Long) graduated from Liverpool in 1982. She is lecturer in anaesthesia and equine cardiology at the Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies. Her current studies include an investigation of the progression of valvular dysfunction in horses and the use of transoesophageal echocardiography to assess ventricular function in anaesthetised horses.

  2. Mark Patteson

    Mark Patteson qualified from Cambridge in 1986. He is currently in practice near Dursley, Gloucestershire, where he runs a referral service in equine and small animal cardiology. He has several publications in the field of cardiology and ultrasonography; his book ‘Equine Cardiology’ was published by Blackwell Science in 1996.


THIS is the second of two articles describing the evaluation of cardiac murmurs. Part 1, published in the September issue, concentrated on identifying the source of a murmur and assessing its effects by clinical examination. Here, the value of echocardiography for both diagnostic and prognostic purposes is discussed.

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