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Companion Avian Practice
Endoscopy in parrots
  1. Nigel Harcourt-Brown

    Nigel Harcourt-Brown qualified from Liverpool University in 1973. He runs a busy three and a half person first opinion and referral practice for small animals in Harrogate, in partnership with his wife. He was awarded an FRCVS in 1995 for his thesis entitled ‘Diseases of the pelvic limb of birds of prey’, and was winner of the Melton Award in 1996. He has been keeping birds since he was 12 years old and describes them as a hobby that has ‘gone beserk’.


IN the past 15 years there has been a tremendous increase in the use of endoscopy in dogs, cats and horses. In avian veterinary practice, endoscopy is also very useful and sometimes it is essential for arriving at the correct diagnosis. This article aims to present a practitioner's guide to endoscopy in parrots. The commonest reason for endoscopic examination in these birds is gender determination. Internal laparoscopy also provides a useful and minimally invasive diagnostic tool for the investigation of many avian medical conditions. A range of common pathological conditions is illustrated here and contrasted with the normal endoscopic appearance. It is not intended that these pictures should provide a complete range of differential diagnoses but, rather, a starting point for the novice avian endoscopist.

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