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Farm Animal Practice
Toxic mastitis in cattle
  1. Martin Green

    Martin Green graduated from Bristol in 1987. He has since been in farm, mainly dairy, practice, for the past eight years in Glastonbury, Somerset. He holds the diploma in cattle health and production and is an RCVS Specialist in Cattle Health and Production. He has a particular interest in dairy herd health schemes, and cattle nutrition, reproduction and mastitis.

Abstract

TOXIC mastitis - mastitis which results in a toxin-induced shock syndrome - is most commonly caused by the coliform organisms Escherichia coli, Klebsiella species, Enterobacter species and Serratia species. A cow with toxic mastitis is a veterinary emergency and a challenge to the practitioner. Difficulties arise because the pathogenesis of the disease has not been fully determined; there are many suggested treatments but little information on which, if any, significantly improve the chances of survival; preventive measures are not well understood and appear to vary in effectiveness; and there may be important individual cow factors which dictate the incidence and severity of disease.

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