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Companion Animal Practice
Symmetrical alopecia in the dog
  1. Rosario Cerundolo

    Rosario Cerundolo graduated from Naples in 1987. After a period in small animal practice, he joined the medicine unit of the University of Veterinary Medicine in Naples. In 1995, he started a residency in dermatology at the RVC and is currently completing his doctorate in veterinary medicine in Naples. His research interests include canine alopecia and melanoma in pigs. He holds the certificate in veterinary dermatology and is a diplomate of the European College of Veterinary Dermatology.

Abstract

ALOPECIA is characterised by the absence of hair or by its loss from areas where it is normally present. It may be congenital or acquired and may reflect a cutaneous problem or may be the consequence of underlying internal diseases, the recognition of which is fundamental for the health of an animal. A variety of pruritic and non-pruritic diseases, such as those caused by ectoparasites (eg, scabies and demodicosis), dermatophytes, bacterial or yeast infections, and hypersensitivities, may initially show patterns of focal or multifocal alopecia which, if incorrectly managed, can progress to produce a more or less symmetrical generalised alopecia. In this article, however, discussion is restricted to the approach to the diagnosis of diseases causing symmetrical alopecia in dogs, including diseases of the endocrine glands and of the hair follicle unit. These are usually characterised by a non-inflammatory, non-pruritic, progressive alopecia affecting the head, neck, flanks, perineal area and/or thighs.

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