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Companion Animal Practice
Feline anaemia 1. Clinical signs and investigation
  1. Ian Ramsey

    Ian Ramsey graduated from Liverpool University in 1990. He is currently the Waltham Lecturer in Small Animal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition at Glasgow University. He holds a PhD for studies on feline leukaemia virus, the RCVS diploma in small animal medicine and is a diplomate of the European College of Veterinary Internal Medicine.

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  2. Sara Gould

    Sara Gould graduated from the Royal Veterinary College in 1993. She initially worked in general mixed practice before joining the University of Cambridge in 1997 as a resident in small animal internal medicine. She holds the certificate in small animal medicine, and her interests include canine and feline haematological and endocrine disorders.

Abstract

ANAEMIA is a decrease in the number of erythrocytes, concentration of haemoglobin or haematocrit volume and, as such, should be regarded as a clinical sign rather than a disease. The haematocrit of normal adult cats is greater than 0-25 litre/litre. Although normal kittens have lower numbers of erythrocytes and haemoglobin concentrations compared to adult cats their haematocrit is still rarely less than 0-25 litre/litre. Anaemia is a common presentation in feline practice and is caused by many different underlying pathologica,l mechanisms. The aims of this article are to describe the clinical signs and discuss general principles in the investigation of feline anaemia. A second article, to be published in the next issue, will deal with the differential diagnoses of feline anaemia.

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