PARTIAL or complete urethral obstruction is a common condition of intensively reared male lambs (entire and castrated) and mature rams. Early recognition of clinical signs by the farmer and prompt veterinary treatment are essential to ensure a satisfactory outcome because irreversible hydronephrosis quickly ensues from urinary back pressure. Early diagnosis is also important to allow rapid implementation of control measures to reduce the occurrence of future cases. As discussed in this article, ultrasonographic examination of the urinary tract can provide much useful information during the initial on-farm examination.
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