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Companion Animal Practice
Urinary incontinence in adult bitches 2. Differential diagnosis and treatment
  1. Alasdair Hotston Moore

    Alasdair Hotston Moore graduated from Cambridge in 1990 after which he moved to Bristol, where he initially worked as an intern in small animal medicine and later as the CSTF resident in small animal soft tissue surgery. In 1994, he joined the Rowett Research Institute in Aberdeen as a veterinary surgeon and, in 1997, returned to Bristol as a lecturer in small animal soft tissue surgery. He holds RCVS certificates in small animal cardiology and veterinary radiology. His main interest is in surgery of the alimentary and reproductive tracts.


ON presentation of an adult bitch with urinary incontinence, the most common diagnosis, urethral sphincter mechanism incontinence, is often assumed and medical treatment initiated without further investigation. However, there are a number of other potential diagnoses and alternative treatments which must be eliminated before a final diagnosis is reached and a treatment option chosen. This article reviews the principal causes of urinary incontinence in the adult bitch and outlines an approach to treatment. An article in the previous issue discussed the investigation of the condition.

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