DERMATOPHYTOSIS is defined as infection of cornified layers of the skin (ie, the hair, claw and stratum corneum) by a fungus of the genera Microsporum, Trichophyton or Epidermophyton. These fungi have adapted to digest keratinous debris and so tend not to invade living tissue. The incidence of dermatophytosis in dogs ranges from common to rare depending on geographical and other epidemiological factors. Clinical signs vary considerably and may be similar to those seen in other skin diseases, making diagnosis potentially difficult. This article discusses the diagnosis and treatment of canine dermatophytosis caused by Trichophyton species and Microsporum persicolor.
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