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Companion Animal Practice
Management of fractures of the mandible in small animals
  1. Mark Glyde

    Mark Glyde graduated from Sydney university, Australia, in 1983 and worked in small animal practice for 11 years. He completed a surgical residency and gained an MVS in veterinary surgery at Melbourne university. He is a diplomate of the European College of Veterinary Surgeons (ECVS) and is currently a lecturer in small animal surgery at University College Dublin.

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  2. David Lidbetter

    David Lidbetter graduated from Sydney university in 1993. After a period in practice, he undertook an internship at the Royal Veterinary College, London, followed by a surgical residency at Melbourne university. He holds an MVS in veterinary surgery, is a diplomate of the ECVS and a fellow of the Australian College of Veterinary Scientists. He is currently an assistant professor of veterinary surgery at Tennessee university in the USA.

Abstract

MANDIBULAR fractures are commonly seen in practice, comprising up to 6 per cent of all fractures in dogs and between 11 and 23 per cent of all fractures in cats. A better understanding of fracture biology and the relatively recent development of simple acrylic fixation methods have improved the management of mandibular fractures in dogs and cats. These techniques are effective and inexpensive and have reduced the complication rate previously associated with mandibular fracture repair. This article describes the anatomy of the mandible and discusses the biological, biomechanical and clinical factors which need to be taken into account for the successful management of mandibular fractures. It goes on to consider the options for mandibular fracture/luxation repair and reviews the techniques involved.

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