MANDIBULAR fractures are commonly seen in practice, comprising up to 6 per cent of all fractures in dogs and between 11 and 23 per cent of all fractures in cats. A better understanding of fracture biology and the relatively recent development of simple acrylic fixation methods have improved the management of mandibular fractures in dogs and cats. These techniques are effective and inexpensive and have reduced the complication rate previously associated with mandibular fracture repair. This article describes the anatomy of the mandible and discusses the biological, biomechanical and clinical factors which need to be taken into account for the successful management of mandibular fractures. It goes on to consider the options for mandibular fracture/luxation repair and reviews the techniques involved.
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