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Avian Practice
Control of nematode infections in captive birds
  1. Chris Lloyd

    Chris Lloyd graduated from Liverpool in 1993. After three years in general practice he became involved in exotic animal and avian medicine while working in London. He holds the certificate in zoological medicine and an MSc in wild animal health. He has advised on conservation projects in Thailand, China, Hong Kong and Greece. He is currently working as a locum in private practice.


AVIAN parasitic nematodes are most frequently found within the gastrointestinal system although a number of species show a predilection for other parts of the body such as the air sacs (Serratospiculum species), trachea (Syngamus trachea, Cyathostoma species), sinuses (Cyathostoma species) or central nervous system (Baylisascaris species). Methods of control in captive birds vary depending on the husbandry requirements of the host species and the life cycle of the nematode. This article briefly reviews relevant diagnostic techniques and discusses the basic principles of nematode control in captive birds.

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