PYODERMA - bacterial skin infection - is one of the most frequently seen conditions in small animal practice and yet also one of the most frustrating to treat. Around 90 per cent of pyoderma cases in dogs are associated with Staphylococcus species. These bacteria are not especially virulent and infection tends to develop secondarily to an underlying cutaneous, metabolic or immunological abnormality. Allergic, keratinisation and follicular disorders are the most common skin diseases to trigger infection. The principal metabolic causes are hypothyroidism and hyperadrenocorticism. This article focuses on the diagnosis and management of superficial pyodermas, namely impetigo and superficial bacterial folliculitis.
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