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Companion Animal Practice
Orthopaedic conditions of the shoulder in the dog
  1. Malcolm McKee

    Malcolm McKee graduated from Glasgow in 1983. He is a partner in Willows Referral Service in Solihull, and an RCVS Specialist in Small Animal Surgery (Orthopaedics). His particular interests are complex fracture management, total hip replacement and spinal surgery in the dog. He is currently chairman of the British Veterinary Orthopaedic Association.

  2. Carlos Macias

    Carlos Macias graduated from the University of Cordoba (Spain) in 1993. He spent five years in general practice in the UK after which he completed a threeyear residency in orthopaedics at Willows Referral Service. He holds the RCVS certificate in small animal surgery and the RCVS diploma in small animal surgery (orthopaedics).


CONDITIONS affecting the shoulder are common causes of thoracic limb lameness in the dog. Some diseases such as osteochondritis dissecans have been well documented, while many tendon and ligament injuries have received relatively little attention. Diagnosis of the latter is difficult and their management remains a challenge. Many soft tissue disorders are associated with non-specific, if indeed any, abnormalities on clinical examination. The problem is compounded by the fact that many changes detected on radiography or arthroscopy are asymptomatic and not of clinical significance. This article reviews the more common conditions of the canine shoulder with particular emphasis on their diagnosis.

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