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Companion Animal Practice
Managemnent of peritonitis in dogs and cats
  1. Yvonne McGrofty

    Yvonne McGrofty graduated from Glasgow in 1997 and spent two years in small animal practice in Glasgow. She then undertook a residency at Glasgow and was awarded the certificate in small animal medicine in 2000. She is currently a consultant in small animal medicine and critical care at Broadleys Veterinary Hospital in Stirling, and a clinical pathologist for Axiom Veterinary Laboratories.

    and
  2. Ross Doust

    Ross Doust graduated from the University of Queensland, Australia, in 1991. After three years in mixed practice in New South Wales, he moved to the UK where he spent two years working as a locum and travelling. He is currently the registrar in soft tissue surgery at Glasgow. He holds the RCVS certificate in small animal surgery.

Abstract

PERITONITIS is localised or diffuse inflammation of the peritoneal cavity and is most commonly associated with bacterial contamination from the gastrointestinal tract. Mortality associated with this condition is high, and rapid diagnosis and early surgical and/or medical intervention is essential to optimise the outcome. This article describes the diagnostic tests, and various medical and surgical options available for the treatment of peritonitis in small animals, with emphasis on the management of bacterial (septic) peritonitis and uroperitoneum (urine peritonitis). In addition, it discusses the factors that influence the prognosis and outcome of affected cases.

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