BABESIOSIS is a tickborne disease affecting humans and many domestic and wild animals. Domestic species showing appreciable morbidity and mortality include dogs, cats, cattle and horses. Both canine and feline babesiosis are diseases characterised by haemolytic anaemia, icterus and haemoglobinuria. Canine babesiosis can range from chronic or subclinical to peracute and fatal, depending on the virulence of the Babesia species present and the susceptibility of the host. Feline babesiosis has a more insidious onset, but can be equally fatal due to the late presentation of many feline patients. This article discusses the epidemiology and clinical presentation of the disease and reviews current knowledge regarding its diagnosis and treatment.
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