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Companion Animal Practice
Fluid therapy in small animals
  1. Robert Goggs

    Robert Goggs graduated from Liverpool in 2004. He is currently a third-year resident in small animal emergency and critical care at the Royal Veterinary College (RVC).

    ,
  2. Karen Humm

    Karen Humm graduated from Cambridge in 2001. She is currently a third-year resident in small animal emergency and critical care at the RVC.

    and
  3. Dez Hughes

    Dez Hughes graduated from Liverpool in 1990. He was a senior lecturer and director of the Emergency and Critical Care service at the RVC from 2001 to 2007.

1. Principles and patient assessment

Abstract

THE administration of fluid therapy is commonly used in veterinary medicine to combat dehydration, hypovolaemia and hypoperfusion, to maintain intravascular volume and osmotic pressure, and to correct electrolyte imbalances. An understanding of the physiology of body fluids is important to ensure that the most appropriate fluid is chosen for a given situation. This article, the first in a series of three, describes the principles of fluid therapy and highlights the key aspects of patient assessment. Articles in the February and March issues of In Practice will discuss the individual properties of crystalloid and colloid solutions, respectively.

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