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Companion Animal Practice
Conditions of the temporomandibular joint in dogs and cats
  1. Toby Gemmill

    Toby Gemmill graduated from Bristol in 1996. After five years in practice, he undertook a residency in small animal orthopaedics at the University of Glasgow, and currently works in a private orthopaedic and spinal surgery referral practice in the West Midlands. He holds the European College of Veterinary Surgeons (ECVS) diploma in small animal surgery and the RCVS diploma in small animal surgery (orthopaedics), and was awarded an MVM from the University of Glasgow in 2006. He is an RCVS and ECVS recognised specialist in small animal surgery.


ALTHOUGH clinical conditions affecting the temporomandibular joints are encountered infrequently, it is not uncommon for veterinary surgeons to be presented with animals suffering from prehension or mastication difficulties, for which temporomandibular joint disorders represent important differential diagnoses. Unfortunately, the anatomy of canine and feline temporomandibular joints is complex, which can lead to diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. This article aims to assist the practitioner in recognising, assessing and managing these often challenging cases.

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