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Companion Animal Practice
MRSA in small animal practice: an update
  1. Anette Loeffler

    Anette Loeffler graduated from Munich Veterinary School, Germany, in 1994, and spent five years in mixed practice in Cumbria. She is currently a lecturer in veterinary dermatology at the Royal Veterinary College where she is also studying for a PhD on MRSA in companion animals. She holds the RCVS diploma in veterinary dermatology. She is a diplomate of the European College of Veterinary Dermatology.

Abstract

MOST cases of meticillin‐resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection in dogs and cats can be treated successfully as long as the underlying disease is identified and addressed concurrently. However, zoonotic implications, high rates of MRSA carriage among veterinary staff, concerns about promoting resistance with the use of antimicrobials in animals and practice infection control policies remain key issues arising from the spillover of this human pathogen into the veterinary field. In addition, responsible and comprehensive owner education is crucial to ensure public confidence in veterinary care. This article discusses the occurrence of MRSA in animals and highlights the clinical and diagnostic features of MRSA infection in dogs and cats. It also suggests some options for treatment and further management of cases, and outlines a number of general strategies to help prevent the spread of MRSA in the veterinary environment.

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