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Companion Animal Practice
Pelvic limb ataxia in the older dog 2. Painful conditions
  1. Giunio Bruto Cherubini

    Giunio Bruto Cherubini is a European and RCVS recognised specialist in veterinary neurology and is a special lecturer in veterinary neurology at Nottingham. He is head of neurology/neurosurgery at Dick White Referrals.

  2. Mark Lowrie

    Mark Lowrie graduated from Cambridge in 2004. He is a second‐year resident in neurology at Glasgow and is studying for a European diploma in veterinary neurology.

  3. James Anderson

    James Anderson graduated from Edinburgh in 1984. He is a senior lecturer in neurology and associate dean for teaching and learning at Glasgow.


PAIN can be a defining feature in older dogs presenting with pelvic limb ataxia. Dogs manifest pain through behavioural changes (eg, inappetence, lethargy, vocalisation, aggression or a reluctance to move) and physiological alterations (eg, tachycardia, tachypnoea, mydriasis or hypertension). The presence or absence of pain can be of clinical importance in refining the differential diagnosis. This article reviews the major conditions associated with painful ataxia in the older dog. An article in the last issue (In Practice, July/August 2008, volume 30, pp 386–391) discussed patient assessment and described conditions associated with non‐painful ataxia.

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