CANINE elbow dysplasia is a term encompassing multiple developmental anomalies of the cubital joint, including elbow incongruity, a fragmented medial coronoid process, an ununited anconeal process, osteochondrosis of the humeral condyle and an ununited medial epicondyle. Collectively, these lesions are a common cause of thoracic limb lameness in juvenile medium‐ and large‐breed dogs. However, the precise mechanisms by which these anomalies arise are still unknown. Diagnosis in some cases can be challenging, as can be determining the most appropriate course of treatment. This article reviews current understanding of the aetiopathogenesis of canine elbow dysplasia and outlines the approach to diagnosing the most common developmental anomalies associated with this condition. An article in the next issue will discuss the treatment and prognosis.
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