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Companion Animal Practice
Current perspectives on canine leptospirosis
  1. Paul Burr

    Paul Burr graduated from Edinburgh in 1992. He is managing director of Biobest Laboratories, based near Edinburgh.

    ,
  2. Katharine Lunn

    Katharine Lunn graduated from Glasgow in 1985. She is an assistant professor in small animal medicine at Colorado State University, USA.

    and
  3. Philippa Yam

    Philippa Yam graduated from Edinburgh in 1992. She is currently a senior lecturer in small animal medicine at Glasgow.

Abstract

LEPTOSPIROSIS has been recognised as a significant disease of dogs throughout the world for almost a century. Leptospira species are important zoonotic pathogens and are increasingly recognised as a cause of human disease. Leptospirosis and its prevention have received considerable attention as part of the vaccination debate in both Europe and North America. However, this debate has been hindered by an incomplete understanding of leptospiral organisms and their epidemiology, and has led to potentially misleading conclusions about the current risks of infection and the need for vaccination. This article reviews the current understanding of leptospirosis in dogs, and outlines the available strategies for diagnosis and prevention.

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