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Farm Animal Practice
Vaccination programmes for sheep flocks
  1. Agnes Winter

    Agnes Winter recently retired after having been a senior lecturer in sheep health and head of the clinical department at Liverpool, where she is now an honorary professor. She is a recognised RCVS specialist in sheep health and production and is a founding diplomate and vice-president of the European College of Small Ruminant Health Management.


IMPLEMENTING a vaccination programme, and regularly reviewing how appropriate it remains, is an important part of flock health planning. Programmes need to be considered individually for each flock and, apart from vaccines to protect against clostridial diseases (and now bluetongue) to which all flocks are potentially at risk, the use of vaccines will depend on factors such as the history of disease in a flock, the risk of disease occurring, the risk of disease introduction associated with purchased stock, the cost of a vaccine versus the likely cost of losses if vaccination is not carried out and the owner's/shepherd's attitude to risk. This article discusses the vaccines available in the UK and, for each, describes the appropriate schedules that should be employed.

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