Article Text

Farm Animal Practice
Thoracic ultrasonography as an adjunct to clinical examination on farm
  1. Phil Scott

    Phil Scott graduated from Edinburgh in 1978 and has been involved in farm animal practice ever since. He is currently a reader in farm animal studies at Edinburgh. He is a diplomate of both the European College of Bovine Health Management and the European College of Small Ruminant Health Management. He has recently been appointed to the Farm Animal Welfare Council.


PORTABLE ultrasound machines provide an inexpensive, non-invasive tool with which to examine the pleural surfaces and superficial lung parenchyma of ruminants on farm. Ultrasonographic examination of the chest need take no more than five minutes, including preparation time, and is therefore much cheaper than many clinical biochemical tests/profiles and more disease/organ specific, generating immediate results. This article describes the practicalities of a thoracic ultrasound examination and how it might be used to diagnose the most commonly encountered conditions in first-opinion farm animal practice.

Statistics from

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.