Recent developments in our understanding of dental anatomy, pathology and the effects of specific dental techniques have advanced the current status of equine dental care. This article, the first in a series of four to review these developments, describes how to carry out a thorough oral examination in horses. Subsequent articles, to be published in consecutive issues of In Practice from February to April, will describe the different lesions that might be seen in equine patients (Part 2) and how these might be investigated further using appropriate imaging techniques (Part 3). Part 4 will consider the techniques available for the prevention and treatment of equine dental disease.
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