Diagnosis and management of chronic joint pain in the dog
Chronic joint pain in dogs is a common reason for owners to seek veterinary attention. Affected dogs typically have persistent lameness, stiffness and muscle atrophy. Obtaining an accurate diagnosis is important since there are a number of conditions, such as sepsis and neoplasia, that require specific treatment. This article reviews the causes and clinical features of chronic joint pain in dogs, as well as the diagnosis and management of these debilitating conditions. In addition to current medical therapies, the surgical options of arthrodesis, joint replacement and excision arthroplasty are discussed.
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