The eye and the adnexa are unusual in that they allow a direct and detailed visual examination, more so than any other organ except the skin. If a laboratory test is required, the clinician should be familiar with the appropriate test for the suspected disease process and the correct method of sample collection and handling. Close communication with the laboratory will facilitate and further define these aspects and enable accurate interpretation of the results. This article correlates routine laboratory tests with different parts of the eye – globe, eyelid, conjunctiva, cornea and aqueous (and vitreous) humour(s) – and provides a list of practical tips for microbiology, cytology, histopathology and PCR.
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