Fluid therapy is commonly performed in calves in farm animal practice. When critical care is considered for a sick calf, it is important to recognise whether the animal is hypovolaemic, dehydrated or both, as this will determine the treatment that is undertaken. This article discusses the various types of oral and intravenous fluids that can be used by farm animal practitioners to treat these conditions and describes how to decide which route is optimal and which types of fluid are likely to help achieve the best results.
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