Deer in enclosed parks are free-living, which means they cannot be handled, tested, vaccinated or effectively medicated. They are kept at densities that far exceed natural deer population densities in the wild and most enclosed herds cannot survive the winter without supplementary food. The welfare of deer in parks is increasingly a matter of public interest and veterinary surgeons may be consulted about the health and welfare of such animals. This article offers guidance on how to assess the welfare of deer in parks, based on visual assessment of the animals when they are alive and carcase examination after culling.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.