Article Text

Farm Animal Practice
Medical support for cattle and small ruminant surgical patients
  1. Gayle Hallowell,
  2. Timothy Potter and
  3. Brian Aldridge


While the initial assessment of cattle and small ruminants presented for surgery is similar to that in other species, it can be more challenging because farm animals are often sicker than they appear to be. This article outlines how to identify and manage potential medical problems in large animal surgical patients, including practical fluid therapy, analgesia, sedation, anaesthesia and rational antimicrobial use.

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  • Provenance Commissioned and peer-reviewed

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