Table 2:

Antidotes for specific toxicants

ToxicantAntidote
Digoxin/digitalisDigoxin-specific antibody fragments
Ethylene glycolEthanol/fomepizole
NSAIDsMisoprostol*
Opioids (mu)Naloxone
CyanideHydroxycobalamin
BenzodiazepinesFlumazenil
ParacetamolN-acetylcysteine
Anticoagulant rodenticidesVitamin K1 and fresh frozen plasma
Organophosphates and carbamatesAtropine
Heavy metalsChelating agents (calcium disodium edetate)
  • * While not a direct antidote, misoprostol replaces some of the prostaglandins that NSAIDs prevent from being formed, thus it may enhance renal and mucosal blood flow and help to limit damage to these organs